Quantum Biology

Leaf with Greek Psi shining through

Quantum Biology

We seek to understand how biological systems exploit quantum mechanical phenomena. For example, photosynthetic antenna complexes use coherent energy transfer to move energy with extreme efficiency despite a dynamic, disordered environment. We use femtosecond laser systems to probe energy transfer on ultrafast timescales in an attempt to unravel the design principles that nature uses.


  • We grow, isolate and modify many of our own biological samples while working with collaborators to obtain other samples.
  • By watching quantum beating signals in our ultrafast spectroscopy studies, we can see that quantum coherence persists far longer than expected (15fs at room temperature) and lasts long enough to affect biological function. Our experiments are designed to dissect this process and to test the wide array of theories about how this mechanism works.

Y. Kim, F. Bertagna, E.M. D’Souza, D.J. Heyes, L.O. Johannissen, E.T. Nery, A. Pantelias, A. Sanchez-Pedreño Jimenez, L. Slocombe, M.G. Spencer, J. Al-Khalili, G.S. Engel, S. Hay, S.M. Hingley-Wilson, K. Jeevaratnam, A.R. Jones, D.R. Kattnig, R. Lewis, M. Sacchi, N.S. Scrutton, S.R.P. Silva, and J. McFadden, "Quantum Biology: An Update and Perspective", Quantum Rep. 3, 80-126 2021.